There are no strict rules or guidelines to this qualitative research, however, we will maintain a scientific process adhering to the guidelines of a good study based on the professional conduct of our interviews, accuracy of our facts and data reports, academic presentation of our papers, and careful selection of our artists.

 Marilyn Bookbinder(R),Lara Dhingra,with PNA-NY President Susan Gador and Veneranda Bacolot (L)

The Philippine Nurses Association of NY held its first annual summer conference: Leading and Engaging Nurses through Evidence-Based Practice at the New York Harbor Healthcare System last May 21, 2011.


Marilyn Bookbinder, PhD, RN, FPCN and Lara Dhingra, PhD, from Beth Israel Medical Center (NY) Department of Pain Medicine and Palliative Care had a joint presentation on Research Strategies for Improving Quality in Pain and Palliative Care to define specific quality improvement approaches, summarize selected QI studies in pain, palliative and end-of-life care.

Quality Improvement (QI) Research in Pain
American Pain Society Standards Start an Era of QI

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center conducted Research based upon five standards:

   1. Unrelieved pain raises a “red flag” that attracts clinician’s attention
   2. Make information about analgesics convenient where orders are written.
   3. Promise patients responsive analgesic care and urge them to     communicate pain.
   4. Implement policies and safeguards for the use of modern analgesic technologies.
   5. Coordinate and monitor the quality of implementing these standards.

Bookbinder, M et al (1995) Implementing national standards for cancer pain management program model and evaluation. J Pain Symptom Manage, 12(6): 334-347